# How MAS, Endurance and VO2max are computed?

Within the application (from January 2021), it is possible to view your MAS, your endurance and your V02max in Premium mode. These parameters allow us to estimate running performance, and especially for us to give the optimal training paces.

MAS and endurance are calculated from past races on the performance prediction model developed at MIT (Boston) used in a scientific publication in Nature.

## MAS

MAS (Maximum Aerobic Speed) is the speed at which the runner reaches his maximum oxygen consumption: VO2max. The MAS is expressed in km / h.

We calculate it from past races and it’s the speed you could hold in a 6 minute race. The races selected are those of the last 4 years and for durations between 6 minutes and 5 hours.

There are different MAS tests that can be used to estimate your MAS, although race results are usually more accurate. MAS tests are subject to the nature of the test and the state of fitness of the day.

## Endurance

Endurance is the ability of a runner to run for a long time at a given intensity. There are different endurance scores but we use endurance defined in the MIT model, to which our co-founder Guillaume Adam contributed.

This long distance endurance score corresponds to the time that a runner can hold 90% of his MAS. This duration is divided by the support time of the MAS (fixed here at 6 minutes). It can be read as a score out of 10.

The greater the endurance score, the better. We can give the following indications:

3: Low endurance
5: Average endurance
7: Good endurance
8: Excellent endurance
10: Exceptional endurance

Concretely, 10 means that the runner can hold 90% of his MAS for 1 hour, and 5 that he can hold this 90% of MAS for 30 minutes.

## VO2max

VO2max is the maximum flow of oxygen consumed by an individual during intense effort. It is usually expressed in mL/min/kg, that is to say as a flow rate per unit of weight, because the weight / power ratio is important in sport.

VO2max can only be calculated in the laboratory with a mask to measure the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. It is nevertheless possible to estimate VO2max with the formula VO2max = 3.5 x VAS, this is what is done here in the app and on your watches.

This is for example the case of 2 champions, one in cycling Lance Armstrong and the second in marathon Eliud Kipchoge. They both have exceptional engines: a close VO2max. On the other hand on the marathon Eliud Kipchoge runs the marathon in 2:01 and Lance Armstrong in 2:46. Eliud Kipchoge has excellent running economy, which gives him a coefficient close to 3, and for Lance Armstrong a coefficient closer to 4.

The more a runner is trained, the more his running economy improves.

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